Thirty-Three Churches

The name of our proposal Thirty-Three Churches comes from the 33 churches identified in the Archdiocese of Dublin’s submission on the draft Dublin City Council Development Plan (2022–2028), in which these church sites were identified for potential rezoning to residential use.

We have selected one of these churches, St. Mary’s Church of the Angels, Capuchin Friary, as a case study to demonstrate how the building envelope of the church could be altered to include housing, while still functioning as a place of worship.


We have only explored the potential of one church for this proposal, which can produce 10 1-bed and 10 2-bed duplex apartments to accommodate homes for up to 60 people with a functioning worship space below. If we consider the remaining 32 churches identified in the Archdiocese’s submission, all of which would require site-specific proposals, an additional 18.5 hectares is available for the delivery of housing. The untapped potential of church sites to deliver housing is clearly evident.


The Team

David Lawless (Architect)

Sophie Kelliher (Researcher)



Dr Niamh NicGhabhann (University of Limerick)


David Lawless, Sophie Kelliher (Model, drawings and pamphlet)

Michael Murphy (Table design and fabrication)


Irish Capuchin Archives

More Exhibitors

Eco:Cube – A Modular Living Concept

Eco:Cube – A Modular Living Concept

We need to rethink how housing is designed and developed in response to today’s challenges. Eco:Cube is a modular living concept which provides an alternative housing model to address issues of density, supply, housing quality, low carbon transitioning and future proofing.



Our proposal consists of houses, undeniably the kind of home that people dream of in Ireland. Our proposal feels open and green; this is what people dream of too. Our proposal has densities which make it land efficient. It feels suburban while having urban densities. Our proposal emphasises community. It provides a space that is appealing to live in.